Anything worth trying is worth learning about.
Have questions on whether or not cannabis is right for you?
Need to know what kind of cannabis would work best to different conditions?
Look no further! We have assembled a variety of different facts and information related to cannabis on this page so if you are new to our community or are just trying to understand cannabis more we hope what we have here will assist you and answer some of the most common questions. It is always best to speak to a budtender regarding cannabis information but we understand not everyone here has access to our storefront and online information is far easier to access.
Marijuana, also known as cannabis or pot, has a long history of human use. Most ancient cultures didn’t grow the plant to get high, but as herbal medicine, likely starting in Asia around 500 BC. The history of cannabis cultivation in America dates back to the early colonists, who grew hemp for textiles and rope. Political and racial factors in the 20th century led to the criminalization of marijuana in the United States, though its legal status is changing in many places.
The cannabis or hemp plant originally evolved in Central Asia before people introduced the plant into Africa, Europe and eventually the Americas. Hemp fiber was used to make clothing, paper, sails and rope, and its seeds were used as food.
Because it’s a fast-growing plant that’s easy to cultivate and has many uses, hemp was widely grown throughout colonial America and at Spanish missions in the Southwest. In the early 1600s, the Virginia, Massachusetts and Connecticut colonies required farmers to grow hemp.
These early hemp plants had very low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical responsible for marijuana’s mind-altering effects.
There’s some evidence that ancient cultures knew about the psychoactive properties of the cannabis plant. They may have cultivated some varieties to produce higher levels of THC for use in religious ceremonies or healing practice.
Burned cannabis seeds have been found in the graves of shamans in China and Siberia from as early as 500 BC.
Who’s Who? (Sativa vs. Indica)
The 2 main primary types of cannabis are Indica & Sativa, all cannabis strains will fall into one of these 2 categories OR a 3rd category called Hybrids which is a mix between Sativa & Indica.
Make friends with Terpenes
You already know what terpenes are because you’ve experienced them all your life. Simply put, terpenes are what gives an orange its citrusy smell. They give pine trees their unique aroma. They’re even responsible for the relaxing effects in lavender. They are chemicals that determine how things smell.
You can find terpenes in most plants and foods. In fact, if you look back at what you ate today you more than likely ate something containing one or more terpenes in them.
So What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are highly aromatic compounds that determine the smell of many plants and herbs, such as rosemary and lavender, as well as some animals.
Manufacturers use isolated terpenes to create the flavors and scents of many everyday products, such as perfumes, body products, and even foods.
Terpenes play a vital role in plants. In some plants, terpenes attract pollinators, while in other plants, they cause a strong reaction to repel predators, such as insects or foraging animals.
Some terpenes play a protective role in the plant, helping the plant to recover from damage; others act as a part of the plant’s immune system to keep away infectious germs.
Some people also use the term terpenoids. However, terpenes and terpenoids are not the same.
Terpenes are the natural form of these compounds when they are in the live plant. As a plant dries and cures — in the production of cannabis, for example — the terpenes oxidize and become terpenoids.
Terpenes in Cannabis.
So if you weren’t entirely sure what Terpenes were hopefully we have been able to increase your insight into them a bit. To understand how they work in Cannabis we must first understand what Cannabinoids are.
Cannabinoids — the active chemicals in medical marijuana — are similar to chemicals the body makes that are involved in appetite, memory, movement, and pain.
Research suggests cannabinoids might:
- Reduce anxiety
- Reduce inflammation and relieve pain
- Control nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy
- Kill cancer cells and slow tumor growth
- Relax tight muscles in people with multiple sclerosis
- Stimulate appetite and improve weight gain in people with cancer and AIDS
In short; your brain already has Cannabinoid receptors inside it, when you intake THC in cannabis you overload your Cannabinoid receptors in your brain giving you the desired effect or as its commonly known as being High, Stoned or Baked.
Still with us?
Okay, Great! Now let’s talk about how Terpenes work with cannabis and go over the main types and effects of terps in cannabis.
Currently, there are at least 20,000 different terpenes in existence and the cannabis plant has more than 100 of these terpenes. Many terpenes that are produced by the cannabis plant are also found elsewhere in nature. However, there are a couple of terpenes that are in high concentrations in cannabis plants. Here are the main ones to know.
Myrcene, which can also be found in mangoes, is the primary terpene found in cannabis plants. In fact, some plants can have up to 65 percent of their terpene profile made up by myrcene alone. The presence of myrcene often determines whether a specific strain can be considered an indica or sativa. Plants with more than 0.5 percent myrcene are said to be indica. Myrcene is responsible for giving marijuana its distinctive aroma. Myrcene has relaxing properties as well as anti-inflammatory properties. Strains that are high in myrcene are Skunk XL, White Widow, and Special Kush.
The second most abundant terpene found in cannabis, limonene can also be found in various citrus fruits and is responsible for the citrusy smell. However, it may not be present in all cannabis strains. Limonene has powerful anti fungal and antibacterial properties, and its great smell means that it is a common additive in household cleaning and cosmetic products. Limonene can also help to bust stress and enhance mood. Strains high in Limonene include Sour Diesel and OG Kush as well as Super Lemon Haze.
This terpene’s name says it all, really. Pinene is found most abundantly in the pine tree and is what gives pine needles its distinctive smell. Found in two varieties, alpha, which is responsible for that wonderful pine aroma, and beta, which has a scent like rosemary, dill, or parsley. Pinene is a strong bronchodilator, but also has strong anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects that have been used for centuries in herbal medicines. Pinene can be found in strains like Strawberry Cough and Blue Dream.
Pinene is also said to be good for memory retention
If you’ve ever used lavender for its relaxant effects, then you’re familiar with the terpene linalool. Linalool is widely known for the stress-relieving, anti-anxiety, and anti-depressant effects. Linalool can help to balance out the anxious side effect sometimes produced by THC and this makes it an ideal terpene for the treatment of anxiety. Linalool is present in strains like Special Kush, Amnesia Haze, and OG Shark.
This terpene, which has a spicy, woody, peppery scent, is also found in black pepper and cinnamon. Studies indicate that this one small terpene is capable of performing the big job of treating anxiety, depression, and inflammation. Caryophyllene is found in such strains as Super Silver Haze, Skywalker, and Rock Star.
While many other strains help to increase appetite, which is beneficial to those who have conditions which nausea and loss of appetite are a factor, strains that contain humulene may actually help to decrease appetite. Found in hops, cloves, and basil, humulene has also shown anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties in research. Strains which contain humulene include Liberty Haze, Girl Scout Cookies, and Sour Diesel.
As said, cannabis contains some 100 known terpenes, all of which produce their own effects. Combined with the cannabinoids and other terpenes, the future of cannabis may just be in the cultivation of strains rich in certain terpenes and cannabinoids to create strains tailored to produce certain effects.
Is more THC Better?
“”I want the highest percent you have”
Is one of the most common and one of the more frustrating questions bud tender’s receive, no we are not sorry. The annoyance in our state comes from the fact that we as a company deal with a lot of medical patients with actual medical needs for cannabis. When people come in asking for the highest THC percent in flower that we have it is frustrating for a few reasons:
- It makes you appear Uneducated, and that’s not a bad thing. After all it makes sense that something with higher THC should produce stronger effects right? Well, yes and no. THC does have its place in the topic of strain potency, however, in simple terms, it acts as a vessel for the effects the Terpenes produce.
- It takes away from the medical focus. In our state as of early 2020 it is only available to medical patients and our state has a strong emphasis on medical use. When customers come in and ask for the highest THC content our budtenders notice it as people wanting cannabis for recreational use rather than the medical purpose that our state currently intends it for. That’s not a bad thing but as a state with an emphasis on the medical aspect, people are still wary of the recreational side of cannabis.
Terpenes are your friend and the higher the terpenes, the stronger the desired effects will be.
When shopping for strains we recommend looking into the different terpenes in cannabis to find which will have the effects you are looking for. So we recommend finding the perfect balance between THC potency and terpene potency.
So for example something with 17% THC and 2% Terpenes Vs. 30% THC and 0.5% terpenes means that even though there is a higher level of THC potency in one strain, the other strain with higher terpenes would most likely have stronger effects due to the higher amount of terpenes present.
Keep in mind that everyone is different so cannabis strains may affect you differently than your friend, family member, or budtender.
Check back for updates!
We are always making adjustments and improvements as changes and new information is presented.